Facts About The Dynamic Russell Terrier Dog Breed

The Russell Terrier, a high-energy, exuberant breed, lives life at full throttle and takes guff from no one. He’s smart, endearing and often exhausting.

Bred in England in the mid-1800s, the breed is named after the Reverend John Russell, who was an enthusiastic hunter. One of his first breeding terriers, Trump, was allegedly bought from his milkman. Known as the “Sporting Parson,” he bred feisty and bold fox hunting dogs. The terrier’s job was to run with hunters and their hounds, then flush the fox out when he went underground. In time, some of these terriers were carried on the hunter’s (or his assistant’s) saddle. The dog would be released from his pouch quickly if a fox went to ground. The Russell’s compact, agile body allowed him to maneuver easily underground.

Training a Russell

Russell Terrier close up.

Russell Terriers are adept at learning tricks, but do take a lot of training. Photography ©Fran Gaglione | Getty Images.

Today’s Russell Terrier maintains his tenacious spirit and boundless energy that made him a model fox hunting dog. High spirited and assertive, the Russell isn’t suited for a laid-back, “who bothers with walking or training a dog much?” family. He’s bright and bold, thriving on many sports. But while he flourishes with companionship, he often shows an independent spirit. “What do you mean Sit, Stay? I’m off to chase some squirrels!”

Training a Russell for obedience takes patience. Don’t let Hollywood’s depictions deceive you. The breed learns tricks easily, but he’s not known for predictable compliance. In fact, Moose, the Russell that worked on the long-running Frasier TV comedy, became a star only after his first family couldn’t handle him and sent him off to a trainer.

A Russell has the flexibility and speed for the agility course, but you’ll need to convince him it’s a worthwhile activity. He’ll likely deem barn hunts and earthdog trials as time well-spent. After all, he was bred to follow his quarry’s scent, so these sports feel natural. He may also excel in flyball or backyard ball chasing.

Without outlets for his intensity, energy and hunting drive, he may dig up trouble in the yard, quite literally. And speaking of yards, prospective owners will need to fence their yard securely: Russells are known for following a good scent well off their property. They are also often untrustworthy off leash. Their hunting drive, once kicked into gear, generally trumps an owner’s requests.

Life With a Russell

The Russell Terrier.

The Russell Terrier may try to boss other dogs around. Photography ©Antonio Morelli/EyeEm | Getty Images.

Even indoors, the Russell is a lively dog. He can live in an apartment only if his family is committed to his regular exercise. Out and about, his fearlessness may lead to problems; he may try to boss other dogs around, regardless of their size. And given his prey drive, a Russell should be closely supervised around cats and other small animals. Ever playful, a Russell can be a good playmate for older, respectful children.

Russell Terrier Facts

  1. Grooming: In general, low-maintenance. Requires regular brushing and occasional baths. The Russell coat makes it easy to brush off any loose dirt or hair.
  2. Shedding: Yep! Get the vacuum out.
  3. Height: Between 10 and 12 inches at the shoulder.
  4. Color: White predominates, with additional varied colors and markings.
  5. Coat: Smooth, rough or broken coat.
  6. Life span: A relatively long-lived breed, Russells can live into their teens.
  7. Motto: Just do it!

Confused about the distinction between the Parson Russell Terrier, the Russell Terrier and the Jack Russell Terrier?

What is the difference between the Parson Russell Terrier, the Russell Terrier and the Jack Russell Terrier?

What is the difference between the Parson Russell Terrier, the Russell Terrier and the Jack Russell Terrier? Photography ©Jozef Polc / Alamy Stock Photo.

The Jack Russell Terrier Club of America is a breed club and registry affiliated with the Jack Russell Terrier United World Federation. It believes, according to its website, that “the Russell Terrier and the Parson Russell Terrier are both variants of the Jack Russell Terrier … ”

Some international organizations like the Federation Cynologique Internationale and the U.K.’s Kennel Club recognize two separate breeds: Jack Russell Terrier and Parson Russell Terrier.

Here in the U.S., the American Kennel Club (AKC) also recognizes two distinct breeds, which it calls the Russell Terrier and the Parson Russell Terrier, each with two distinct parent clubs: The American Russell Terrier Club and the Parson Russell Terrier Association of America. Why, you ask? According to the American Kennel Club’s The New Complete Dog Book (2017), in the early days, “Jack Russell Terrier” wasn’t used to describe a breed but became a common name for any mostly white, earth-working terrier in honor of the Reverend John Russell.

How did the two distinct dogs come to be?

Two distinct dogs eventually evolved from John Russell’s fox terriers: the Parson Russell Terrier (which has longer legs and stands 12 to 15 inches) and the Russell Terrier (which is more rectangular and stands 10 to 12 inches). Various strains of these terriers were used for sport, vermin control and as family companions all over the U.S.

The American Russell Terrier Club was established in 1995 as a registry to keep the Russell and Parson Russell separate in both bloodlines and appearance.

In 2003, the Parson Russell Terrier Association of America changed the name from Jack Russell Terrier to the Parson Russell Terrier. The AKC followed suit.

The AKC recognized the Russell Terrier breed in 2012. So the AKC does not officially recognize any breed as Jack Russell Terrier, only Parson Russell Terrier and Russell Terrier.

Most Americans call both a Jack Russell Terrier. This is why using the name “Jack Russell Terrier” can be a little confusing when it comes to this breed. But we can all agree on how wonderful this dog is.

Thumbnail: Photography ©Martin Ruegner | Getty Images.

Originally an attorney, Lynn Hayner writes about dogs and law, in no particular order! Lynn lives in Waco, Texas, with her family, a rescued cat, and her new German Shepherd Dog, Anja.

Why read breed profiles?

Dog breed profiles help everyone, whether you have a mixed breed or purebred dog, to better understand and improve the quality of your dog’s life. If you have a mixed breed dog, read up on all of the breed profiles that make up your dog. Not sure what breed your dog is? There are a number of easy DNA tests out there to help your find out.

Editor’s note: This article first appeared in Dogster magazine. Have you seen the new Dogster print magazine in stores? Or in the waiting room of your vet’s office? Subscribe now to get Dogster magazine delivered straight to you!

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The post Facts About the Dynamic Russell Terrier Dog Breed appeared first on Dogster.

What Breed Mix is Buddy?

As you know, I love mixed breed dogs. Irie and Tiki are both mixes of mixes, and we couldn’t be happier about that. We’ve DNA tested both dogs and love being able to share the results when people ask that inevitable question: “What kind of dog is that?”

Irie and Tiki’s best friend is named Buddy. He was adopted from the same rescue where we adopted both Tiki and our cat Inca. Buddy’s just over 20 pounds and a bundle of happiness and energy; he loves to walk with Irie and Tiki:

Recently we had the opportunity to receive a free DNA test kit from DNA My Dog, and Irie and Tiki asked that we use it to obtain the breed mix of their best buddy:

The test uses a simple, safe cheek swab to obtain doggie DNA. You swab your dog’s cheek and send in the swabs; DNA My Dog checks the results against their database of breeds, and two weeks later you have your dog’s breed mix!

The test was super easy to use. The kit included two long swabs:

To ensure the most accurate results possible, I tested Buddy when he hadn’t been playing with Irie and Tiki, or their toys, which could have transferred some of our dogs’ DNA to Buddy. I also tested him when he had not eaten in several hours.

The swab was easy to administer; I just rubbed it along his cheek and gum:

The two swabs went into an envelope for air drying before sealing and shipping back.

So now we wait for Buddy’s results! In the meantime, what do YOU guess his breed mix might include? I’m definitely seeing some terrier (Border terrier?) and maybe Shih Tzu and very possibly some poodle? His fur is soft and a single coat, and his tail is a happy curl:

He has a distinct underbite as well:

Let us know your breed guess in the comments below!! When Buddy’s results come in, we’ll be sure to share the results with you.

In the coming days, we’ll also have a guest post from DNA My Dog’s founder, Mindy Tenenbaum, about how the easy-to-use cheek swab DNA test is helpful for shelter staff who can use the data to help place their furry adoptees into their perfect forever homes!

DogTipper received a free DNA My Dog kit in exchange for an honest review; we were not paid for this post. All statements and opinions are entirely our own.

What to Consider When Choosing Food For Your Small Breed Dog

Your small breed pup may be big in character, but when comes to food they need a food tailored to their size. Our Freshpet veterinarian, Dr. Katy Nelson, shares some insights into the unique nutrition needs of small breed dogs.


They need smaller pieces of food

Little dogs have little mouths, so it is important to take this into consideration when choosing their food. For small breeds, the best food options are those that come prepared in smaller bites, like our Freshpet Select Tender Chicken Recipe for Small Dogs, or food that can be customized for their bite size, like our slice and service rolls.



They eat small amounts

Small dogs may have big personalities, but they don’t have big stomachs. This means that even the smallest food has to be packed with vitamins, minerals, protein, fat and carbohydrates to ensure they get all the nutrients they need. Since small dogs need to consume large qualities of food in relation to their body weight, they require several small meals throughout the course of the day.



They are prone to becoming overweight

One of the fun things about little pups is that they’re the perfect size to carry around with you. However, this can result in your pup missing out the exercise they need to burn off the calories they consume. One way to overcome this potential weight gain is to ensure that you are following the recommended serving amount to make sure your pup maintains its optimal weight. Even a pound or two of extra weight can be devastating to their little joints, creating unnecessary strain and putting their future at risk for arthritis, heart disease and even cancer.


They are disposed to dental disease

Having chews and bones are a good first step to keeping your pup’s teeth clean, but it’s still important to follow a proper dental routine. Talk to your veterinarian about which toothpaste and brush combo they recommend as well as how often you should be brushing your dog’s teeth. Up to three bushings a week has been proven to prevent tartar buildup and ward off gingivitis, so this is a great number to start with.


They grow up faster than larger breeds

Small dogs grow faster and reach maturity at a younger age than a large breed dog – usually long before their first birthday. What many people don’t know is that in addition this, they also have a faster metabolism compared to bigger pups. This means that small breeds have higher caloric requirement per pound of body weight, so foods that are high in protein and fats a necessary for optimal health.



Choosing a food that is made especially for small breeds, plus making sure your pup gets plenty of exercise and dental care will help your four-legged loved one lives a long and healthy life.

The post What to Consider When Choosing Food for Your Small Breed Dog appeared first on Freshpet.

Austin Dog Wins Best in Breed, Competes Tonight at Westminster

Austin’s own Whiskeytown Dalwhinnie Brie — just Brie when not competing — won best in breed on Monday night in the Wiredhaired Pointing Griffin competition at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show. The 4-year-old, who won her breed last year, too, will be back in the ring Tuesday night for the Sporting Group at Madison Square Garden. If she wins that, it’s on to Best in Show. Owners Donna and Gino Troy of Austin are there to cheer on Brie, along with Donna’s sister, Debbie Elliott, who tipped us to the victory and shared a photo. Go, Brie!

The competition airs on FS1 starting at 7 p.m.

Brie, a Wirehaired Pointing Griffon, won best in breed for the second year in a row at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show. Contributed by Debbie Elliott

Brie, a Wirehaired Pointing Griffon, won best in breed for the second year in a row at the Westminster Kennel Club Dog Show on Monday. Contributed by Debbie Elliott

Breed Profile : – A Comprehensive List Of Dogs & Cats

Looking for a perfect pet for you? Then here you go. We have listed the most popular dogs and cats breed information. Crawl and choose a pet of your choice by just exploring our list below –


  • Breed – Hound
  • Weight – 6-8Kgs
  • Height – 30-32 cms
  • Color – Tri color


Distinct feature – Beagle is one of the most socialize dog breed because of their lively, active and energetic behavior. They are the great child companion as they are always alert and their even temperament lets them in not showing any signs of aggression.

Coat – They have a very sleek and short haired medium length coat, which is easy to groom.

Temperament – Beagle is a happy go lucky dog breed. They are easily adaptable to a different environment, a wonderful companion. They are easy to train. Their social nature does extremely well with children and other pets.

Activity – Love to go for long walks and are active.


  • Breed – Hound
  • Weight – 7-17kgs
  • Height – 10-12 inches.
  • Color – Black


Distinct feature – Known for their unique shape almost resembles like a hot dog. They were bred to hunt and they still like to do the same. This breed is great for who are interested in small pets.

Coat – Their coat is smooth and very easy to maintain. They need occasional brushing to maintain healthy and shiny coat.

Temperament – Their lively and funny nature can make anyone roll over heels. They are intelligent dogs and are needed to be kept engaged in some work to avoid unnecessary destruction. They are too friendly with kids.

Activity – They love to go for walks but prefer the short ones as they tire out easily. Exercise should be provided but at different times and intervals.


  • Breed – Toy
  • Weight – 6-8kgs
  • Height – 30-32 cms.
  • Color – White

mini pom

Distinct feature – They have pointed face, silky long coat, and curvaceous tail. They are affectionate and very much compatible with humans. Because of their small size, they need some extra attention while playing with small children and might slip under the feet. They are just adorable.

Coat – They have a silky double coat which requires two times brushing every day.

Temperament – Though they are toy breed but are excellent guard dogs, they are protective in nature and gives the signs in the form of barking when presuming danger. This makes them a compact, active toy breed.

Activity – They love to play with other pets are friendly loves to go for short walks.

4. PUG –

  • Breed – Toy
  • Weight – 6-8kgs
  • Height – 30-32 cms.
  • Color – Black, Fawn


Distinct feature – Black muzzles, wrinkled forehead, and a curvaceous tail. Not to miss the punched nose. This comical face gives a hilarious expression on one’s face. They are best as the first time pet. They are one of the most popular breeds always ready to something unusual in a positive sense.

Coat – Their coat is fine, short and smooth.

Temperament – the most cheerful and happy dog which can really hang out it with anyone.

Activity – Loves to go for long walks, lively and active in indoor games.


  • Breed – Working
  • Weight – 27-25 KGS
  • Height – 24 – 28 Inches
  • Color – Black Tan


Distinct feature – They have the most distinguishing feature because of their compact form of muscular and medium-sized, squarely built dog. Their physique gives them a ravenous yet exquisite look attributed with their wide scissor like sharp teeth.

Coat – They have short, hard, thick, flat coat. They need little grooming.

Temperament – They are just super – energetic clubbed with tremendous strength and stamina. Loyal, Tolerant and affectionate are the adjectives goes perfectly well with them. They are the outstanding guard dog but also a gentle family companion.

Activity – Requires enough exercise and daily long walks, jogs or run.


  • Breed – Herding
  • Weight – 37 Kgs
  • Height – 65 cms
  • Color – Black Tan

german sheperd

Distinct feature – A well-proportioned dog. They are sturdy, muscular and have a solid bone structure gives it a classic beauty and are highly adaptable. They are one of the most loyal dog breed, ready to go beyond any limits to save their human companion. Their intelligence segregates them from all.

Coat – They have a dense and double coat and should be brushed daily.

Temperament – Perfect words to describe their temperament would be courageous, keen, alert and fearless. They have a high learning ability. They have strong protective instincts which make them perfect guard dogs. But this does not mean they can’t socialize. They love to be with families.

Activity – They love to be a part of the strenuous activity and always eager to learn new things. Long walks, runs, energetic games are the activities they require daily.


  • Breed – Sporting
  • Weight – 36 kgs
  • Height – 61 cms
  • Color – Golden Fawn


Distinct feature – They are natural athletes, agile and competitive. Their tolerant behavior makes them an extremely lovable pet. They are one of the most loved pet. Usually, all other dog suffers from bad breath, the golden retrievers are blessed with a soft mouth and smells fresh always.

Coat – Water resistant is dense, straight and firm in some it is wavy and requires regular brushing.

Temperament – They are charmers. They are lovable, well-mannered, intelligent dogs. They are easy to train because of their gentle behavior. They really know how to please people and other dogs.  Get along with children very well.

Activity – They love to go for long walks, runs, and some serious exercise.


  • Breed – Sporting
  • Weight – 34 Kgs
  • Height – 90 cms
  • Color – Yellow, Black, Brown


Distinct feature -. They can be a companion dog as well as a hunting dog, show dog, guide dog, service dog, therapy dog, sniffer dogs, and rescue dog. No doubt these makes lab the most popular dog breed or I must say the best breed ever.

Coat – They have a long smooth double coat and require regular brushing.

Temperament – They make a perfect family dog because of their loyal, loving affectionate nature. They love to learn new things as they are highly intelligent, good natured which makes them easy to train. They are very well socialized dogs

Activity – They are energetic dogs always passionate towards exploring and are delighted to play and work hard. They love to go for long walks, runs, and some serious exercise.


  • Breed – Working
  • Weight – 120-180 pounds
  • Height – 36 – 38 inches
  • Color – Tri-Color

saint bernard

Distinct feature  – A giant, strong, muscular dog. They are large dogs though does not like to do excessive exercise. They are too big in size to adjust in small or compact places. They are great family dogs and love to be around people. They do not go well in warm or hot climates and prefer to stay in air-conditioned place.

Coat  – They have rough and smooth both kinds of coats. But both are very dense and easy to groom. Brushing of coat should be done daily.

Temperament – they are extremely gentle, friendly and very tolerant, especially with kids. They are intelligent and easy to train. They are needed to socialize during puppyhood only. They are slow moving, patient, obedient. They really know how to please people. They are extremely loyal as well.

Activity – Must require long walks that too daily as it is beneficial for both mental and physical development of the breed along with brief play sessions.


  • Breed – Working
  • Weight – 59 kgs
  • Height – 69 cms
  • Color – Black tan


Distinct feature – They are massive with a muscular and powerful body. They are stocky strong dog breed with diverse positive traits like confidence, steadfastness and courageous. But the first thing that attracts is their strong jaws and flat head. Their appearance gives a pre assured misconception that they are fierce or arrogant. But it is proved wrong because being the great guard dogs they are very agile and are wonderful companions.

Coat – The coat is short, hard thick and glossy and requires regular brushing.

Temperament – They are loyal and protective towards their owners. They are powerful, calm, trainable and courageous. They become natural guard dogs but their even temperament makes them a good social companion. They are easy to train and are highly intelligent and courageous.

Activity – They need a tremendous amount of exercise. They love to go for long walks or jogging, swimming and running.

11. BOXERS –

  • Breed – Working
  • Weight – 32 kgs
  • Height – 63 cms
  • Color – Brindle, Fawn


Distinct feature – They are medium sized muscular dogs. Their head is the most distinctive feature. A well proportioned of body and mind. The most unnoticeable part of their appearance is their long tongue, proudly owning the award for the world’s longest tongue. Despite their strong look they are one of the most generous dog breeds and are a great companion.

Coat – They have short, smooth, close-fitting coat. Grooming is easy. Brushing of coat should be done only when necessary.

Temperament – They are high- intelligent and quick learners which make them easy to train. Their bond with family and children are always very strong and close. They are happy, playful and curious. A well brought up and early socialization of this dog will make them easy to get along with other people and pets.

Activity – They are athletic and hence really active. They require daily work and exercise. They love to go for long walks or jogging, swimming and running.


  • Breed – Working
  • Weight – 54 Kgs
  • Height – 76 cms
  • Color – Black, Brindle, Fawn

great dane

Distinct feature – Giant and one of the most powerful dogs squarely body shape. They stand erect even when cropped.  Their towering presence can never go unnoticed. They are growing entirely their life. The cutest part is despite having the giant size they feel they are lap dogs, which makes them adorable.

Coat – The coat is short and thick. Grooming is easy and does not require daily brushing.

Temperament – They are often called a gentle giant. All because they are cheerful, patient, and affectionate towards family and children they often bark when the situation is not appealing. They show almost no sign of aggression. They must be taught not to jump or lean on people because of their massive size and weight.

Activity – They need a tremendous amount of exercise. They love to go for long walks or jog.


  • Breed – Toy
  • Weight – 1-3 kgs
  • Height -12 inches
  • Color – White, Black


Distinct feature – Loved for their small and compact size. They are affectionate and very much compatible with humans. They are just adorable.

Coat – They have a silky double coat which requires two times brushing every day.

Temperament – Though they are small in size but are excellent guard dogs, they are protective in nature and gives the signs in the form of barking when presuming danger. Which makes they a compact, active toy breed.

Activity – They love to play with other pets are friendly loves to go for short walks.


  • Breed – Sporting
  • Weight – 11 – 15 kgs
  • Height – 22-23 inches
  • Color – Black, White, Chocolate Brown

cocker spaniel

Distinct feature – A beloved companion, easy going and one cannot resist without snuggling them. They are cheerful and fun-loving and love splashing around water. They will always the first to let you know if someone comes to meet you but are little poor guard dogs.

Coat – They have soft and wavy coats and require daily brushing and frequent grooming.

Temperament – With their charming and amusing personality they are one of the most lovable companions. There are average intelligent and respect their masters. They love to hang out with children and understand their place very well. They are easy to train and can easily get along with other people and pets.

Activity – They need plenty of exercises. Though they look small in size but have a great amount of stamina and Loves to play indoors.


  • Breed – Non-Sporting
  • Weight – 32 kgs
  • Height – 61 cms
  • Color – Black & White


Distinct feature – They are athletes and great charmers also known as a well-mannered dog breed.  They are most suitable for dog owners who can give extra attention and a quality time for exercise.

Coat – They have a short and dense coat and requires frequent brushing to remove dead hair. Grooming is easy and is not required daily.

Temperament – Because of their strong amount of stamina they need to be active for long hours. They hate being sitting around and doing nothing. A perfect human companion goes along easily with other people and pets. Easy to train and loves playing with children.

Activity – To cope with their enormous stamina, they need plenty of exercises. They love to go for long walks or jog.


  • Breed – Working
  • Weight – 21 – 27 kgs
  • Height – 29 – 31 inches
  • Color – Black tan

siberian husky

Distinct feature – They have the striking features like perky ears and unique marking. Their blue or multicolored eyes are more than enough to attract. Their wolf-like features are too much to appeal.

Coat – They have medium length dense and double coat and thick fur. Need to be brushed daily.

Temperament – They are happy – go – lucky dog always keen towards socialization, games etc. they are loving, gentle perfect with children. They easily go with other people and pets. All should be mentioned is hey love everyone. They are very intelligent and obedient and hence are easily trainable.

Activity – They should not be made to do excessive exercise during warm weather. They love to go for a long walk but does not like to do vigorous exercise.

17. SHIH TZU – 

  • Breed – Toy
  • Weight – 3 – 4 kgs
  • Height – 8 – 11 inches
  • Color – Tricolor

shih tzu

Distinct feature  – Shih Tzu is a small sturdy and an intelligent breed. The most attractive feature of them is their human like eyes. They are also one of the least delicate amongst toy breeds.

Coat – They have a long dense coat that can even reach up to the floor and requires regular grooming.

Temperament – Shih Tzu are packed animals as they are alert, clever, happy, gentle, playful. They are easy to go with other animals. Also, easy t train as they can tell you what they want. They are a perfect alert watchdog.

Activity – They love to go for short daily walks and play indoor games. They also love to play outside.


  • Breed – Toy
  • Weight – 6 – 8 kgs
  • Height – 30 – 32 inches
  • Color – Golden Brown

lhasa apaso puppy .

Distinct feature – There punched face is the cutest feature of Lhasa past. They are small, sturdy and a miniature breed.

Coat – There body is fully draped with heavy and long fur all around. They need coat brushing every single day.

Temperament – They are intelligent lively and affectionate dog breed. Are responsive towards training and makes a good watchdog. They are highly expressive and want the things their way.

Activity – They love to go for short daily walks and play indoor games. They also love to play outside.


  • Breed –  Toy
  • Weight – 1 – 3 kgs
  • Height – 6 – 9 inches
  • Color – Black, Gold, White, Fawn, Chocolate


Distinct Feature – Chihuahua is a tiny toy size breed. Their well-rounded face in apple shape is the most attractive feature of them. Not to forget the pointed and short muzzle with round eyes and erect ears

Coat – Short hair coat needs occasional brushing or cleaning with damp cloth. Whereas for long hair coat everyday brushing is required and regular ear checks up is advised.

Temperament – They are lively, active and not to go with the size they are really courageous. Happy – go – lucky dog breed who loves to hang around with kids and other pet friends and becomes a great companion to hang around.

Activity  – They love to go for short daily walks and play indoor games. They also love to play outside.


  • Weight – 3-4 Kgs.
  • Height – Female – 10-14 inches, Male – 11-15 inches
  • Color – White

persian kitten

Distinct Feature – Persian cats have large round head and eyes with short nose and small ears again with rounded tips. They have a muscular and sturdy body.

Coat –  They are famous for their looks especially the thick long flowy coat with fine and perfect textures. The covers the whole body forming frills between the front legs, ears, and tails.

Temperament – Persian cats are sweet, gentle and quiet companion likely to create any hassle to you and your home. You will definitely love the company.

Activity  –  They love to be indoors climbing upon racks, curtains, furniture etc. They can spend time sitting on chairs and there favorite spot will be your lap. Persian cats do not look forward to more exercise just weight management is required for them.


  • Breed – Herding dogs
  • Weight – 24-29 kgs
  • Height – Male – 24-26 inches, Female – 22-24 inches
  • Color – Fawn

belgian malinoi

Distinct Feature – Body is often described as a square when legs and top line are viewed from the side ways. The hair around the neck appears like a collar.

Coat – They are easy to groom their soft and short haired coat. Bathing is required only when absolutely necessary and brushing should be done regularly with bristle brushes. The breed is a light shedder.

Temperament – A very bright and obedient dog well determined, observant and protective. They need to be trained at a very early stage so to overcome their shy nature. They become good police and guard dogs. They are good with children and other pets as well.

Activity  –  Being a working dog needs to have an active outdoor life. Loves to do lots of exercises and go for long walks.


  • Breed – Working
  • Weight –  Male – 50-60 kgs Female – 45-54kgs
  • Height – Male – 25-27 inches, Female – 24-26 inches
  • Color – Fawn, red and brindle

bull mastiff

Distinct Feature – They are huge well- built physique with great power. They have wrinkled broad muzzle and skull makes which are deep and darker in color. Also, they have a flat nose with large nostrils and V-shaped high set ears.

Coat – They are shorthaired and slightly rough coat needs to be groom daily. Bathing is to be done when required.

Temperament – they are devotional, well-mannered breed loves to play with children and fearless unless provoked.

Activity  –  They love to go for long walks and is required to fulfill their primal canine instinct to migrate. They should be trained from a young age to avoid behavior issues in future.


  • Breed – working
  • Weight –  54 – 65 kgs
  • Height – 23-30 inches
  • Color –  Fawn

french mastiff

Distinct Feature – they have wrinkled massive head which is heavy and broad in shape. Their nose is large with wide open nostrils and has a short muzzle. They have the powerful and muscular body.

Coat – they have the short haired coat and are an average shedder. Grooming is very easy and bathing should be done when necessary.

Temperament –  they have good and calm nature. They are loyal patient and devotional. If they are socialized from the earlier age they become very easy to go with other animals loves to hang out with children.

Activity  –  they need lots of exercise with daily long walks for their health and also to avoid future behavioral issues.

24. PITBULL – 

  • Breed – Hunting
  • Weight –  10-35 kgs
  • Height  – 14 – 24inches


Distinct Feature – They have brick like head which forms broad shape between cheeks. They have a muscular yet agile physique which is extremely strong.

Coat – They have a short and smooth coat which is easy to groom. Brushing should be done regularly and bathing is to be done when required. The breed is an average shedder.

Temperament – They are calm, obedient, well natured and friendly dogs. If they are socialized from the earlier age they become very easy to go with other animals loves to hang out with children.

Activity  –  They need plenty of regular exercise with daily long walks for their health and also to avoid future behavioral issues.

Is a Pitbull a Breed?

Many people are confused about whether a pitbull is a breed or exactly what a “pitbull” is. Pitbulls (or Pit Bulls) are perhaps the most misunderstood and misidentified of all dog breeds and there is a good reason for this – pitbulls aren’t a breed at all!

The Pit Bull Name

The term “pit bull” refers to an ill-defined type of dog, rather than a breed. The term “pit bull” originated in the British Isles in the early 1800s when the barbaric sport of “bull baiting” arose. Bull baiting involved tying a bull to an iron stake that gave him about a 30-foot radius in which to move, blowing the bull’s nose full of pepper to enrage the animal, and then setting dogs on him to immobilize the bull for public entertainment. The sport was outlawed in 1835, but it was from this sport the term “pit bull” came into being. The dogs used in the sport were English bulldogs and then English bulldogs crossed with terriers.

photo of a pitbull-type dog

Photo: Sophie Gamand

What is a Pitbull?

Today there are at least five breeds of dogs that are commonly misidentified and lumped into the category of the pitbull-type dogs: the English bull terrier, the American bulldog, the boxer, the American pit bull terrier and the American Staffordshire terrier. “Pitbulls or pit bulls” are not recognized as a breed by the American Kennel Club (AKC). The United Kennel Club does recognize a breed known as the American pit bull terrier, however, the term “pit bull” is commonly used to refer to mixed breed dogs with certain physical traits, such as a muscular body and broad head.

A Case of Mistaken Identity

Interestingly, animal shelters across America today are moving away from trying to identify any dogs by breed because sight identification has proven to be extremely unreliable. Many different combinations of breeds can look like a “pit bull.” Here at The Animal Foundation, we have DNA tested many of our dogs that are lumped into the pitbull category and have found cocker spaniel, boxer, golden retriever, bulldog, German shepherd, Boston terrier, and many other breeds in

Photo of a gray and white dog

Photo: Sophie Gamand

their heritage. For some dogs, assigning even one main breed is a challenge. Based on the research that exists – it’s been shown that almost 90 percent of shelter dogs visually identified as a breed are not identified accurately – and our own experiences, we no longer try to assign a breed to any dog, unless they come with breed registration papers.


Hopefully, this answers the question, “Is a pitbull a breed?” And the next time you see or read about a dog referred to as a “pit bull” you’ll remember there actually is no such thing as a pit bull or a breed of dog that is a pitbull. Chances are the dog is a “Heinz 57” or one of the several breeds mentioned above.

This is the first  in a series of blog posts that will be posted monthly on pit bull education with special thanks to Maddie’s Fund #ThanksToMaddie and Sophie Gamand for the use of her photos.

Interesting Facts That Define The German Shepherd Dog Breed

Who is Father of the German shepherd Dog Breed: A German breeder Max von Stephanitz is behind standardizing this breed. In 1889, At a dog show in Western Germany, Max got attracted to a wolf like canine with yellow-black markings. The dog’s intelligence and disciplined conduct won over the breeder who purchased it and changed its name from Hektor Linkshrein to Horand von Grafrath. This led to formation of the German Shepherd Dog club by Mr. Max Stephanitz. He also laid down the guidelines for regulating the breed.

Max's idea was to focus on the dog’s intelligence and usefulness to mankind. Image- wikipedia/Max_von_Stephanitz

Max’s idea was to focus on the dog’s intelligence and usefulness to mankind. Image- wikipedia/Max_von_Stephanitz

The original Horand von Grafrath AKA Hektor Linksrheim

The original Horand von Grafrath AKA Hektor Linksrheim

Is the name German Shepherd Or Alsatian? After the world wars U.S and most parts of Europe did not want to be linked with anything German. This sentiment permeated upon the German Shepherd dog breed too. Hence the American Kennel club in 1917 named the breed Shepherd dogs conveniently dropping the word ‘German’ and it remained this way till 1930. While the English began calling them Alsatian wolf dogs and this name was extensively used till 1977. The moniker was so widely accepted in Europe that most people till today use the name Alsatian instead of German Shepherd.

German Shepherds are the Third Smartest Dog Breed: To be able to make it to the top list of the most intelligent dog breeds, a dog must be able to understand a new command after just five repetitions and follow the command given to them 95 percent of times. Border Collies top this list.

GSDs were the First Guide Dog for the Blind: Mrs. Harrison Eustis founded ‘The Seeing Eye’ in 1929 in Switzerland to train German Shepherds as guide dogs for blind people.

GSD Coat Colors: The American Kennel Club recognizes eleven colors for the breed: Black, white, black & tan, black & cream, black & red, black & silver, blue,  grey, dark brown, and reddish brown.

 There is A Play with six German Shepherd Actors: Dutch Director Whim Schipper in the mid eighties planned and organized a play with six German Shepherds that underwent drama lessons in Amsterdam. This play was called Going to the Dogs and was based on a run-of-the-mill family plot.

Hollywood star GSDs Strongheart & Rin-Tin-Tin: Strongheart a German Shepherd canine star featured in six films and has a star on the Hollywood walk of Fame.

Strongheart (inset) was one of the earliest canine actors. Image -iheartdogs.com

Strongheart (inset) was one of the earliest canine actors. Image -iheartdogs.com

German Shepherd Rin-tin-tin too became famous as a Hollywood star although after Strongheart. Rin-tin-tin was rescued from the World War I battleground by an American soldier named Duncan Lee. He later trained the dog to act in silent films. Rumour has it that Warner Bros would release a Rin-tin-tin film whenever it was facing financial troubles since the dog was hugely popular with the audience and could easily draw a large crowd.

 Rin tin tin was the breed’s greatest star around the world. He too has a star on the Hollywood walk of Fame. Image - mentalfloss.com

Rin tin tin was the breed’s greatest star around the world. He too has a star on the Hollywood walk of Fame. Image – mentalfloss.com

 The rise of the GSD in Germany: Von Stephanitz’s did his best to maintain his dogs’ popularity in Germany amid industrialization. He focused on getting the hard-working breed inducted into police force and other services. Soon the breed was accepted as guards and messengers due to their intelligence, agility and ability to work tirelessly.

The Spread of the German Shepherd during World War I in the West: World war I saw the many uses of this dog breed to the Germans. These dogs were used for delivering messages, guarding, and bringing first-aid to injured soldiers post battle. Also these canines gave company to dying soldiers till they breathed their last.

Are you Sharing your Bed with your Dog? You must read this.

American soldiers during their combat with Germans in the war were greatly impressed by the breed’s demeanour & brought some of the dogs to their own country. The breed soon became a favorite there. Till date GSD is a very popular breed in the United States according to American kennel club. They are a favored family, guard, show, police, military and service dog.

Dwarfism in German Shepherds: Pituitary Dwarfism can afflict some German Shepherds. Although this condition isn’t a common one. A dwarf GSD remains a puppy forever in terms of its fur quality and size.

GSDs suffering from this condition may look miniature GSDs however suffer from many health issues owing to Pituitary Dwarfism. Images Tiger with owner and another GSD http://www.dailymail.co.uk

GSDs suffering from this condition may look miniature GSDs however suffer from many health issues owing to Pituitary Dwarfism. Images Tiger with owner and another GSD http://www.dailymail.co.uk

Three year old GSD named Tiger suffers Dwarfism These facts shed light on how the breed actually originated and later spread almost to every part of the world. All the above important info and interesting trivia regarding the breed is a testament to the breed’s popularity and unique abilities.

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