The Cat, A Carnivorous Animal
The cat remained very close to his ancestral carnivore instincts. He is a great adventurer and excellent hunter capable of jumping 1m80 without impetus, and to perform sprints at 50km / h, leaving little chance for small prey which he loves.
Its digestive system is specially designed for this carnivorous diet. The digestive tract is relatively short: it adapts to the limited quantities of its classic hunting board, composed of small catches. Its transit is fast and focuses on a proteolysis activity, i.e. on the destruction of proteins.
For these physiological reasons, a cat will spontaneously orient itself towards a protein-rich food, as soon as it has the choice.
What Is the Role of Food In Maintaining Good Health?
It is with all these proteins that the cat produces the energy he needs every day. Not knowing how to save them when they are scarce, a protein deficit can settle very quickly in a cat, when his diet is unbalanced. Overweight, urinary stones, diabetes, are common disorders often having a nutritional cause.
The diet that is given to a domestic cat must therefore bring him the energy but also the necessary nutrients to ensure optimal weight and maintain good urinary and kidney health . Its daily nutritional intake must be low in carbohydrates (including starch) that it consumes little in its natural state.
A diet that respects the carnivorous nature of the cat gives it many other benefits: the health of its skin and the beauty of its coat are favored, and its immune defenses are maintained.
How to Choose the Diet Of Your Pet?
More than 8 out of 10 cat owners choose exclusively prepared foods (croquettes, sachets freshness …) to their animal 1 . It can be complicated for the homeowner to find his way: choose foods that are high in animal protein and low in carbohydrates.
A 5 kg cat needs to consume at least 26g of protein per day in order to maintain its muscle mass. *
Quality food available from your veterinarian, provide a contribution above this minimum requirement. This makes it possible to cover the needs of all cats, even those with the most important ones, such as long-haired cats.
In addition, many cat food contain a high content of carbohydrates, especially starch. However, excess starch is stored as fat, and can therefore promote overweight; it can also cause digestive disorders because the body of the cat digests it badly. For a good tolerance, it is recommended not to bring more than 25% of the energy in the form of carbohydrates 2 .
Finally, consider promoting quality foods that are manufactured without artificial coloring, no added artificial flavors, and whose proteins are mostly of animal origin, and fit for human consumption. Animal proteins are more suitable for the cat because their amino acid profile is more complete: for example, sulfur amino acids, more present in animal proteins, are beneficial for the skin and for urinary health.
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