Urinary Crystals in Cats: Treatment Options

Urinary Crystals in Cats

If your cat has been displaying symptoms of urinary tract disease and has been diagnosed with crystals, you are likely very keen to know what treatment options are available. Well, the treatment will depend on which type of crystal is involved, as the options are really quite different for each crystal type.

It is important to know if we are dealing with crystals alone, or if the crystals have developed into stones. In some cats, the stones that form are so big that they can actually be felt when the bladder is pressed on, though this is quite rare and most stones will be smaller than this. To determine if they are present or not, the vet will need to run a few more tests.

Typically, an ultrasound of the entire urinary tract (including kidneys, ureters and bladder) will be carried out. Most (though not all!) cats are tolerant enough for this to be done while they are awake, though they do need to have a large portion of their belly fur clipped. An ultrasound is a painless and simple procedure that rarely takes longer than ten minutes and can be performed in most general vet clinics.

Certain stones will show up better on an X-ray than an ultrasound and many cats will also have abdominal X-rays performed. Most kitties are too jumpy and nervous  to have X-rays performed conscious so will either be given a sedation or an anaesthetic. X-rays are particularly good at showing up ‘radiopaque’ stones and the vet will get a good idea of how many stones are present and how large they are.

Finding out what type of stone is present can be a real challenge. Though it would be reasonable to think that if the cat was proven to have struvite crystals on their urine exam that any stones present would also be struvite, this is not always the case. Depending on the crystals present and other factors, such as the urinary pH, we can make an educated guess as to which types of stone are present. In reality, the only way to know for sure is to remove a stone and have it examined by a laboratory.

Struvite crystals and stones are typically treated conservatively. Any underlying infection would need to be treated with a course of antibiotics (which have been based on culture and sensitivity) and the urine should be re-analysed when the course is finished to ensure the infection has been eliminated and is not grumbling on.

As soon as struvite crystals have been diagnosed, a prescription diet should be started. It is critical that this diet be the only source of food, as supplementing it with a different brand of kibble or some yummy treats will only negate the benefits. This can mean that cats who normally have access to the outdoors need to be kept in for a while as if they were to find something to munch on outside, they could delay the effects of the treatment. Similarly, if there are other pets in the household, they will need to be fed separately. This may mean the use of ‘microchip feeders’ in multi-cat households.

While urinary diets are available in wet and dry forms, most vets will recommend feeding the wet form if the cat will accept it. This is to encourage further dilution of the urine, ensuring more crystals do not form. Luckily, most cats prefer the taste of wet food.

Owners are also advised to encourage as much water drinking as possible, which may mean the purchase of water fountains. Water can be mixed in to the diet, even if it is already a wet diet.

One of the best-known diets used for eliminating struvite stones and crystals is called Hill’s C/D. This food is the preferred treatment choice of many vets and is nutritionally balanced but limited in the ingredients that can cause crystal formation, such as Magnesium, Phosphorous and Calcium. It is designed to keep urinary pH at optimal levels, preventing it from becoming too acidic or too alkaline. Many vets will monitor this over time, ensuring the urinary pH is staying where it should. You can read more on catcareadvices.com

Once the diet has been started, struvite crystals may dissolve in as little as a few weeks, though often it will take several months for them to completely disappear. The general consensus is that the diet should continue for at least one month after the stones no longer show up on X-ray, and many recommend feeding it life-long.

Dealing with Calcium Oxalate crystals and stones can be a little more of a challenge. Interestingly, these crystals used to be extremely rare but now account for roughly half of feline urinary crystals. Many believe that this is due to cats eating commercial foods that acidify the urine. If the crystals form in to stones, diets are not effective at dissolving them and they require more drastic intervention.

If the stones have formed within the bladder, the surgery is relatively straight forward and consists of making an incision and removing the offensive material. However, sometimes the stones can be sitting in the kidney or ureter, which can be a real issue. In these situations, cats may be referred to specialist surgeons with more experience in complicated cases.

In some patients, stones will lodge in the urethra and cause a dangerous blockage. Cats will be unable to produce urine or will only produce it in very small amounts. Some of these stones that have lodged may be small enough that they can be guided back into the bladder safely, relieving the blockage and allowing the cat to urinate once again.

Vets can perform a technique called ‘retro hydropulsion’, whereby the stones are encouraged to move back into the bladder via pressure and the use of saline under high-power. As this can be quite uncomfortable, it is either performed under a heavy sedation or general anaesthetic. Once the stones have been moved from the riskier place to the bladder and the cat can pass urine again, the stones can then be dealt with. So, if the stones are calcium oxalate, a surgery will still be on the cards. Surgery to remove stones from the bladder is far safer than one which involves making an incision in the small urethra. If the stones are struvite, this procedure can mean that a surgery to remove the blockage is unnecessary and we have now bought some time for the diet to work.

More recently in the veterinary world, there has been a lot of interest in ‘Lithotripsy’, a method that is used a lot in human medicine. Sound waves are applied externally in order to break up the stones. Sometimes, laser lights and electricity are also involved. Most GP vets will not have access to this treatment, though several specialist centres are now able to provide it. This may be a useful option in cats that are not good surgical candidates.

Another technique that may be available in some specialist centres or universities is stone retrieval via cystoscopy. This is a sterile procedure that requires a general anaesthetic and is usually performed by a vet with special training. No incision is required, so the recovery time is very quick and the risks involved are minimal. A long instrument called a cystoscope is passed into the urethra and up into the bladder, collecting the small stones and removing them, without the need for an invasive surgery. During this procedure, vets also have the ability to visually assess the inside of the urinary tract, which can provide some useful information. Sometimes, anatomical defects, strictures or masses are found, so this can also be a useful diagnostic procedure. Vets have the option of taking a biopsy of any unusual tissue, which can be a very useful way of telling the difference between chronic inflammation and neoplasia.

In male cats in particular, this procedure is particularly tricky as they have such narrow tubes, but it is possible with very small instruments. Sometimes, a laser will be used at the same time as this procedure so that the stones can be broken up, allowing for easier removal.

It is well-known that cats who have formed crystals and stones in the past are likely to form them again. Due to this, owners are encouraged to be pro-active in their prevention at all times. Our next (and final) article in this series focuses on how to keep crystals and stones away for good.

Choosing The Right Harness or Collar For Your Dog

Harness or Collar for Your Dog

Entering an animal shop, a wide range of choices is offered to us in terms of necklace, harness or other tool to walk pony. How to choose the one that best suits your dog properly on a leash?

What about choke collars, mesh or electric?

The choke collar (necklace or chocker):

As its name suggests, this endless sliding dog collar strangles the dog. It was originally a traditional training tool that was only used when training the dog by professional punishment and not on a daily walk. It only works if the dog is punished or strangled hard enough; enough pain is inflicted on him so that he does not reproduce a behavior considered undesirable. This method is to be avoided because not only it inflicts pain but also it does not teach the dog what he should do, he just teaches him to avoid pain.

The spades necklace (the prong):

It is actually a necklace choker, provided with pikes turned towards the neck of the dog for a more pronounced effect. It is used in much the same way and has the same harmful effects on the dog both behaviorally and physically.

These two collars have physical consequences that can be disastrous, the scientific data is still in progress but it would be eye problems, the esophagus or the trachea until neurological problems due to strangulation.

The electric collar (the e-collar):

This necklace does exactly what its name says: it delivers electric shocks to the dog. There are several types of necklaces, the one that you control with a joystick and the automatic that triggers when the dog barks for example. This necklace is illegal in many parts of the world and many associations are fighting to ban its use considered inhumane.

Why not use these collars with your dog?

In addition to sore the dog, they create fear, anxiety, acquired helplessness, but also bad associations; for example if I strangle or zap my dog ​​that barks after another dog, the association that does it does not necessarily stop barking but: ‘when I see a dog, I hurt’. The consequences are multiple: my dog ​​is afraid of other dogs, my dog ​​goes out in front of other dogs, my dog ​​wants to attack other dogs: all these results are undesirable in addition to undermining the relationship you have with your companion, that’s why, among other things, we do not recommend them.

Better tools to train your dog:

The flat necklace:

This is the most popular necklace but can, in itself, strangle the dog too if it pulls. Learning to walk on a leash is necessary to avoid the physical damage it can cause due to strangulation, calling a canine educator is necessary for a walk in flat collar without disastrous consequences.

It is often used to put the dog’s medals for example; it can be a beautiful fashion accessory too!

The martingale necklace:

It is traditionally used for dogs that have heads smaller than their necks (greyhounds for example). The martingale should never be used as a choke, but adjusted like a flat collar. It has the same effects as the latter, other than the dog cannot leave it if he backs down by lowering his head. Shelters usually use this type of collar to avoid losing their dog.

The halti (the harness of head):

This type of head harness may be useful in some cases, but it must be used with care. Although not all scientific data is counted, the halti could damage your dog’s cervix during a sudden shock (lashing, sudden blow). What we often see are dogs scratching themselves to remove it (on the ground, against people’s legs).

Indeed, wearing a head harness should be an apprenticeship (how to wear it, wear it and love to wear it). A qualified dog trainer can help you introduce your dog to avoid discomfort.

The different types of dog harness

Several types of harnesses are available, the one with a tie on the back, the one for the car, that of canicross, the one with a frontal attachment or even that which encloses the dog when it pulls.

Harnesses that grip the dog

They are to be avoided because they have the same effect as a choke collar and the friction may damage the epidermis of your companion.

Harnesses tied in the back

Just like canicross harnesses, they allow your dog a good forward pull, it is possible that he pulls more on a leash, a course is in order!

When choosing your harness, take the time to adjust it to your dog to avoid any friction and / or potential injury. It should be noted that some dogs learn to let go of this type of harness by moving back and down their heads!

Harnesses with frontal attachment

They allow you to have easier control because by pulling, the dog naturally turns towards you. On the other hand, some dogs learn to pull anyway, so an educator can help you teach your companion to walk on a leash.

If your dog has short hair, prefer a padded model to avoid scratches.

In summary:

Choosing a good walking tool is essential for the comfort and well-being of your dog and yours as well. It is good to remember that it is not natural for a dog to walk on a leash and that learning is necessary for a pleasant walk!

Flat collars and harnesses (except those that grip the dog) are preferable to coercive tools such as chokers or spikes. If your dog pulls a lot, a harness with a frontal attachment and a little workout should allow you to relieve the joints of your hands during walks! The brands Canine Equipment, Ruff wear and Easy-Walk make good models.

An educator can help you get around the situation quickly so that you can enjoy a dog-friendly ride while getting you to the right tool for you.

Different Breeds of Broilers Chicken

Chicken Breeds

Chicken breeds fall into three basic categories – egg producers, meat birds and dual-purpose types. Broilers chickens, in the second category, were designed to mature quickly, ready to market as early as 6 weeks of age. The commercial market depends on a few breeds of broilers chicken or types. These birds do not make good pets if you are not in the market for meat. They are not bred for longevity, and size creates problems in older birds.

Cornish Crosses

The most common type of broilers chicken are not a real breed but is a cross between white rock and Cornish chickens. Cornish man / white cross rock weigh about 4.5 pounds at the age of 6 weeks. If kept around five more weeks, they weigh about 9.5 pounds. The females of this cross, known as Cornish game hens, grow more slowly, weighing about 2.5 pounds at the age of 5 weeks. Like other white feathered meat birds, their carcasses are not discolored areas on the skin due to feather growth.

Broilers Chicken Red

Red broilers chicken, or Red Label, does not ripen as fast as the Cornish goes through. It takes them twice as long – 12 weeks – to reach the size of the market. Males reach maturity at about 7 pounds and females at 5 pounds. If you want to raise broilers chicken outdoors rather than in an indoor facility, red broilers chicken make a good choice. As their name suggests, these birds have softened various shades of red, and some have dark tails. Hens produce large brown eggs, but do not go brooders. This means that you have to incubate the fertilized eggs if you want to raise another generation of red broilers chicken.

Delaware Broilers Chicken

Developed in the 1940s, the Delaware chickens were given to cross Rhode Island Red hens with Barred Plymouth Rock roosters. At one point, Delawares have been widely used in the broiler industry, but the conservation of livestock – which monitors rare breeds – lists now threatened. Black white sports organizations The Delawares except on the neck and tail. Early mature males, tip the scales to 8 pounds; hens are smaller at 6 pounds. Unlike other broiler breeds, Delawares are also useful for small-scale egg production.

Other breeds

Other breeds or types of broilers chicken are usually Cornish crosses. You can find these chicks for sale in large scale hatcheries across the country. A relatively new breed is Rosambro, a chicken that looks like a red broiler with faster growth. Expect a mature Rosambro between the ages of 8 to 10 weeks. Other common meat breeds do not grow as quickly as broilers chicken.

5 Tips to Choose The Breed of Your First Dog

American bully

When you make the decision to have your very first dog, you can feel as excited as you are lost.

What your dog will have experienced before living with you and what you will avoid him and allow him to live, count a lot (many, many, many!). Dogs are mostly shaped by what they live and especially what they live young. Each dog is unique and you may have already noticed that there are dramatic differences in behavior between dogs of the same breed.

Recommended Reading: American bully

This is not to say that we must neglect the choice of the race of his dog. So what should we attach importance to? Here are some tips if you embark on this adventure (out of the ordinary) for the first time.

1- Take a (small) history lesson

Rest assured, if it was the nightmare of your schooling, you will be reconciled with the story.

You will soon welcome your first dog and you are off to fishing info! If this is not already the case, you will hear different sounds of the dog breed that you like, from your relatives, friends, neighbors, social networks.

You will be confronted with a vast amount of information that everyone is free to interpret in their own way. Not to mention that in terms of ideas received, you will take for your rank. Everywhere, dog breeds are described as dominant, stubborn, associable or sociable with other dogs, nice with children… (this is not exactly the case, because everything does not depend on the genes).

At this stage of your fantastic project to have a dog, there is sort to do. So start now, because in the next stage, you will be overwhelmed by a new wave of jarring news and even more prejudice.

What can help you not to believe everything you say, do not stop at appearances and sometimes trust yourself a little bit more, is to know the history of the dog breed (s) that you like. It’s really the best way to understanding the most important things to understand about the dog breed that attracts you, especially its use. Because of it depends a good part of what your dog and his needs (but not, not ALL either).

2- Do not choose a breed that has a lot of energy if you are not able to spend it on your dog

In some parts of the world where dogs are more likely than others to live under our roofs, we choose to go “to play sports” and for some of us, it has even become a challenge to maintain a minimum physical activity. For dogs, it’s a need like eating and drinking and they can not wait for the weekend or vacation to get in shape. To decide which breed might be your first dog, his need for physical activity is a crucial aspect to consider.

By discovering the history of the breed, you already have a better idea of ​​the need for physical exercise of your future dog, when he has finished his growth. Other things tell you if a dog can be happy to walk on a leash 15 or rather 30 minutes three times a day (for example), if he can walk or needs to walk much more than you are considering, or if he needs to run because he has so much energy to release that leash rides will not tire him enough. Each dog is different but there are bases to know.

Its morphology should allow you to determine if your future dog will be more or less energetic and how you can help him to spend his energy because there are sacred differences in terms of endurance, speed, agility, etc. and it also depends on what your dog will do the rest of the time. Some dogs adapt much better than others to a moderately active life because of their constitution.

In any case, there are many potential problems that you can not out immediately delist if you ignore this need exercise and you’re aware of that going to ask you to order the fill in everyday life (not only on Sunday!).

And if there are people who choose super athletic dogs with big sports needs to let them vegetate all day long and who are surprised to have horrible problems, there are also quite a few people who have dogs… who get tired too quickly for them!

All my tips for good thinking and preparing your project to host a puppy or dog at home are in my book  Why not a dog .

You will discover portraits of 120 dog breeds and find answers to all your questions.

3- Remember that you will have to take on more or less responsibilities

You will have to learn some things from your dog, if only cleanliness. For many, walking on a leash is a must. There are people who have dogs but only need to teach them to behave well with family and friends who come to the house. These are dogs that are more moderately part of society.

They have land available and it is fenced. They come out only to go to the vet (they are not unhappy not to be part of society!). So many things are choices and not obligations. For example, people in this case have the choice to learn walking on a leash or not. If they want to walk around here and there with their dog, they will teach him and if they prefer to leave their dog at home when they go here and there, they do not need to teach him.

With a dog that is more part of society, who frequents public places, sees all kinds of people, meets other dogs, etc., there is more to teach him but also more responsibilities to assume, towards others. Responsibilities, you always have, even in the countryside, for example, towards those who live with you if any, or even with respect to the factor🙂

Let’s say that more a dog is part of society and more have responsibilities to assume. From this point of view, races involve risks of not being able to assume certain responsibilities according to the place where one lives and the life one leads.

A simple example: You have taken care to calculate if you have the necessary budget to feed your dog who will weigh 80 kg once an adult. It’s good. Have you thought about what will “go out” (sorry!) And which you will have to pick up if you live in town? If you do not pick up, you’ve missed a lot of what is life with a dog: to be responsible to his dog but also to others or at least try his best!

There are dog breeds with which you will more easily assume your responsibilities and then others who may ask you to provide more effort. It depends on your ability to match your obligations with the characteristics of a breed of dog- physical and other. It is not good to rely solely on the breed of dog to choose your first dog, as it is not good to denigrate or ignore all that a breed can imply.

You have thought a lot about your future dog. You have thought a lot about yourself. Do not forget to think about the big or small world your dog will be part of.

There are big dogs that live happily in town because their owners take great care of them. But a big dog makes big dung. You have to pick them up because you have responsibilities to others too, not to your dog.

4- Turn to more dog breeds in the “half-measure”

For your very first dog, you may be interested in breeds that have a balanced set of characteristics, instead of breeds that have one or more very pronounced traits. It’s just an idea to ponder. It is possible that you are doing great with any dog 🙂!!

What can be very pronounced? Mainly:

  • an extra strong pursuit instinct
  • a flair of hell
  • great energy
  • a great physical force that makes some people say that some breeds are “dangerous,” but that’s not a reason to ignore a dog’s physical abilities
  • a great determination (or perseverance) that makes some say that some races are “stubborn” is inaccurate, but this is not a reason to ignore the specificities of a race

These are not difficulties in themselves. Again, these are features that sometimes become issues, because of the dog’s environment.

Have you ever had a dog?

My book  Why Not a Dog will help you explore the world of the dog, get to know the incredible morphological diversity of this animal, avoid scams, make the right decisions for your future and that of your fellow hair, and to to better understand how dog training works and organizes itself!

Why not a dog

It also depends on where your puppy comes from.

Some puppies come from places where they have not been prepared to live in our world and it is more difficult for you and for them. Some puppies come from good farms where you have been chewed on the job.  For example, your puppy of a breed known to be easily triggered by small mammals that move has had great experiences with sociable adult cats before coming to your home. If it’s not a guarantee, at least he started to learn that cats are not “prey” (or threats). This is where you realize that everyone has advised you against the breed because you have a cat, but your puppy learns quickly to leave him alone.

So, if you have the crush on a dog breed that is not in the “half-size” and that’s your first dog, at least do not choose your puppy anywhere for “cheap And make sure you do not have too many constraints that will require you to learn more, and perhaps put so much effort into taking on all your responsibilities that you will get fed up with it. ‘a year.

There are more versatile dogs than others and it is not uncommon for them to be good candidates for a first dog.

5- Talk to a maximum of dog owners

You want a Scottish terrier.

You only have eyes for the Scottish terrier of the neighbor you see every day in front of your window. This gentleman was kind enough to answer your many questions. Now you are trying to find friends of friends of friends who have / have had a Scottish terrier. You have read all the sites and blogs and forums and professional publications about the Scottish terrier and you have seen all the videos on Youtube. You have become unbeatable!!

If this is your very first dog, try to be interested in as many dogs as possible, of different breeds.

They will tell you all that their dog is wonderful 🙂

But many of them, in answering your questions, will also give you a more precise idea of ​​the best conditions to offer to your dog, according to certain specificities of the breeds. You will have a more global vision of canine diversity and this will help you to lead your thinking.

Can Dogs Eat Pickles?

Can Dogs Eat Pickles

Every dog ​​owner has been there: this nauseating moment that they realize that their dog has eaten something that they probably should not have eaten. Although this awareness can be traumatic, it does not end horribly. A food that can put this reaction off is pickles. Can dogs have pickles? Are gherkins safe for a dog to eat, or if food is avoided as much as possible?

There are a couple of things to look out for when your dog gets into the pickles. One is that they have been cooked with – if they have been cooked at all – and sodium.

My dog ​​ate a pickle. What are the big dangers?

Let’s start with cooking. Pickles by themselves are not necessarily the best thing for a dog to eat.

However, if the gherkins you are concerned about have been cooked with onions, do not give them the dog. Onions – and all cooked with onions for this matter – can give Heinz anemia body dog. This causes the bodies of Heinz – a part of the red blood cells – to break because the walls are thin if your dog has problems because of the unions, their urine will be dark in color.


Now that the big warning has been given, sodium makes gherkins usually a delicate food for dogs. They do not really need the extra sodium that marinades contain. While an occasional slice will not hurt, it is best not to give them to the dog on purpose.

Pickles in the dill also raised questions for this reason. In response to that, it would be best to skip the pickle and just give your dog dill – it helps with stomach aches – on an occasional basis.

If you are wondering why sodium makes pickles a food to avoid for your dog, watch for sodium on dog food. It will most likely be at or near one hundred percent of a necessary daily amount of sodium for the dog. Although the extra sodium will accidentally not hurt if it is occasional, sodium is not something the dog needs more than the recommended amount of.

If you really need to feed your dog a Pickle…

If you really want to give your dog a pickle, choose a sweet pickle. Some brands are spicier than others and the dog does not need all that extra spice. Remember the aneth, however, agrees from time to time as a spice alone.

Keeping the amount of pickle served small will keep damage to a minimum. Cutting it up is also recommended, but seriously – it’s not a daily food for a dog. However, it will not hurt them if they happen to take one or two slices of a picnic.

The best reason to limit Pickles

Reason for not giving pickles, other than sodium, to your dog is that they need a good balance of protein and calories. With the right balance – and that will change for every dog ​​- your dog will be more energetic and have a coat that looks better than before.

Top 5 Tips to Take Care of Your Pet

Dog Daycare

Even if the cold wave has passed, winter is still here! It is important to stay alert and alert to your pet. The Dog Daycare is your one stop daycare for your best furry friends. Follow our 5 tips to take care of your dog or cat.

1- The age is important

An older or very young animal will be less resistant to cold. Indeed a puppy or an older dog is more fragile, just like a baby or a senior.

In the older dog, the joints are put to hard test with the cold. The ideal is to do a check-up at your vet. During this visit, also make sure that your pet is not diabetic and has no kidney problems. These two diseases can get worse with the cold.

2- A cat hidden in the engine?

In winter, cats seek warmth. And what better than a car and its engine still hot! They hide very often near the wheels. When you take your car, tap on the hood or a hint of horn to scare them away. Many cats are injured each winter as they sneaked into the wrong place.

3- Check the legs of your pet

If your pet is outside, check his legs and especially his pads. Contact with cold or frozen ground may cause cracking and infection. To protect them you can put a fat on the pad to make a protective film.

4- Adapt the feeding of your animal in winter

If your pet spends most of his time outside it is recommended to adapt his diet because his energy needs will increase. Increase the daily rations by 10 to 20% depending on the level of their activity and consider dietary supplements. Be careful not to overfeed anyway.

Do not neglect to arrange a warm place to sleep, if so, the animals can also take cold, even if they have fur!

Very active dogs have an even greater energy need. It is recommended to give them fat in their diet.

5- Wash them less!

It may sound strange but do not wash your pet too much in winter. Yes, you probably do not know but your pet will naturally secrete sebum. This layer protects it from cold and moisture. Washing it will remove the protection and expose it a little more coldly. To improve the quality of the coat, you can also give it yeast.

Tips For Those Who go on Holiday With Their Pet

pet supplies

You can not resolve to leave your trusty doggie or kitty at home when you go on vacation? So, just take it with you! However, be sure to take the necessary precautions (see below) so that everyone can travel around the world safely and with peace of mind!

Think about it before you start

Before setting off or flying to distant lands, it is best to check that all vaccines and papers for your pet are in order. Be aware, for example, that your faithful companion must be vaccinated at least 21 days before departure against rabies. Your veterinarian can provide you with the necessary documents. Carry the European passport of your faithful companion on all fours and ensure that he or she is identifiable via an electronic chip (aka transponder). A tattoo made before July 3, 2011 is also valid. Warning: if you go to the UK, Ireland or Malta is aware that a transponder is mandatory.

I’m going on vacation and I’m taking…

Abroad, you will not always find pet supplies or your pet’s favorite food. Unfortunately, all you need is a change of diet so that your faithful companion gets a full stomach. It is better than to carry a small portion of food which he is accustomed to so that the change is not too abrupt.

Especially in hot places, the risk of heat stroke is real. Always carry enough water and flip through the garden & animal folders for a folding lunch box, easy to pack in your backpack. Hang a small medal or an address tag with your details on your pet’s collar and always have a clear picture of your faithful companion in your pocket (or in your smartphone).

On holiday by car with your pet?

Before making a long journey, it is better to accustom your faithful companion by taking him by car on shorter distances. Make sure there is a nice temperature and there is plenty of fresh air in the cabin, but do not let your dog stick out of the window. Not only is it dangerous, but it also often causes ear infections and conjunctivitis.

In many European countries including France, Italy and Spain, your dog must travel in a closed cage or with a harness (a safety belt specially designed for him) . For the full list, take a look at this website. For cats, it is better to opt for a small cat basket. Provide plenty of water and excrement bags and favorite toys for your doggie or kitty. In short, do not hesitate to visit your favorite pet store to have everything you need.

Just like for you, it is advisable to allow your faithful companion to stretch his legs every two hours. Not to mention the leash of course, especially in places that yours pet does not know. Especially near the highway… Never leave your pet in the car. The temperature can quickly rise above 50°.

On a plane holiday with your faithful four-legged friend?

The regulations differ from one airline to another. At Brussels Airlines, for example, taking your pet on a trip is no problem. Depending on its size and especially its weight, your faithful companion on all fours may or may not accompany you in the cabin. Dogs and cats weighing more than 8 kg must travel via a transport cage in the hold. It is best to inform your airline in advance about specific rules for pets. The price to bring your pet varies so much from one company to another. This can cost you from € 20 to € 800.

Here too, it is better to accustom your pet in advance to the conditions of travel. Give easy food to your faithful companion 24 hours before the trip, but never sedatives. With the variations of atmospheric pressure, it turns out to be a very bad combination.

Want more tips for your four-legged pets?

The Benefits of CBD Oil to Treat Your Animal

Benefits of CBD Oil to Treat Your Animal

For many of us, our pets are irreplaceable members of our family. They do not judge us when we make a mistake and they are not angry when we come home late from work. In the end, they are just as happy to see us and are always excited to eat the same thing at dinner every night. If only humans could do the same! However, just like us, pets sometimes get sick and can take advantage of natural supplements to help with the symptoms of their illness. Even if your pet companions are not suffering, they can still benefit from a regular dose of CBD in their diet.

Hemp is in itself a complex organism, containing a multitude of cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are starting to show strong promise to help nourish our body. So far, preliminary studies have shown that CBD is potentially effective in controlling certain types of seizures, nausea, anxiety, stress and gastrointestinal disorders, among others. And in the same way that he can help us, he can also help our four-legged companions. CBD oil supplements made from organic hemp grown in the EU are not psychoactive and will not adversely affect the brain or central nervous system of your pet. On the other hand,


Domestic animals like cats and dogs have cannabinoid receptors similar to ours, which allows their organisms to react in a similar way to ours. That’s why the Cibdol team innovated with a new range of pet CBD oils called Cibapet. The new oils contain a 4% dose of CBD combined with omega-rich fish oil and vitamin E. The CBD Cibapet oil thus obtained is the perfect complement for your pet to be at the best of his abilities.

The goal of Cibapet is to take the therapeutic benefits of CBD and combine them with the already proven health enhancing effects of fish oil. If you, the animal lover, are still skeptical because of the close relationship of CBD with the psychoactive THC cannabinoid, let us explain the benefits of the two main ingredients for your companion.


Let’s start with fish oil. The main ingredients to look for in fish oil are omega-3 EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and DHA (docosahexaenoic acid). Sometimes shortened under the name EFA (essential fatty acids), it is important in our case to ensure that the fatty acids presented are omega-3. Other omega foods do not have the same health benefits. Omega-3 fatty acids are mainly derived from fish such as mackerel, salmon, sardines, anchovies and yellowfin tuna.

What are the benefits of omega-3 fish oil? Here are some examples:

• Increased stamina

• Healthy skin and fur

• Improved immune system

• Helps retain moisture for dry, irritated skin

• Reduces inflammation

The use of omega-3 oils in isolation could be very beneficial for our pets. Although in some cases, increased stamina could be a negative aspect, especially for restless puppies who love your branded shoes. Aside from that, healthy skin and fur are a vital part of your pet’s well-being, helping to prevent many skin diseases. Not to mention the fact that a stronger immune system could save you money on expensive veterinary bills. It also brings something that money can not buy – peace of mind for animal masters.


Even though fish oil alone is powerful, the icing on the cake is the inclusion of CBD oil. As we have previously discussed the skepticism surrounding the CBD, let’s take a closer look at the benefits it can bring. The first and most important thing to say about CBD is that it is non-psychoactive. In no case it can “hover” your dog or put him in danger. This is probably the biggest concern of the owners of pets. Cannabis hemp varieties contain only trace amounts of THC, often 0.3% or less. And this negligible concentration of THC is eliminated during the preparation of the product.

The following are considered positive effects of CBD oil on pets:

• May help in pain management

• May relieve anxiety

• May help reduce nausea and symptoms of digestive disorders

• Reduces inflammation

• Promotes heart health

• Promotes nervous system health

• No observable negative side effects

The benefits of using CBD begin to accumulate, presenting this cannabinoid as one of the most powerful dietary supplements on the market. Introducing it into the balanced diet of your pet companion can prove to be highly beneficial to the general health of your cat or dog. This is due to the unique way that CBD binds to your pet’s natural endocannabinoid system (SEC). The endocannabinoid system is a large matrix of receptors located in the brain and body. While humans and pets produce their own endocannabinoids to activate SEC, CBD can be used to stimulate increased communication between cells, helping your companion’s body to help itself.

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Hydrotherapy in Dogs

Hydrotherapy in Dogs

When your dog is suffering from an engine problem or has suffered a major fracture, it is important to rehabilitate his body. Hydrotherapy is an increasingly popular technique, and the pioneering veterinary clinic is located in Maison Alfort. What is hydrotherapy? Why does this technique work well? How to practice it?

Welcome to Loyalwill Canine Hydrotherapy Centre or Dog Hydrotherapy Centre where your pet comes first. We are a member of the Canine Hydrotherapy Association and proud to represent Canine Hydrotherapy in Northamptonshire.

What is hydrotherapy?

If we refer to linguistic origins, hydrotherapy refers to care with water. When your veterinarian prescribes hydrotherapy sessions to your best friend, he offers your pet a body work in the aquatic environment. This corresponds to a series of movements that the therapist imposes on your dog, either by mimicry or by play, but also, depending on the animal, by the word.

In the water, your companion is relieved of his weight and can put all his muscles and joints into action. This is how canine rehabilitation sessions show their effectiveness. Through gentle movements, the dog learns to move naturally.

Why is it particularly effective in dogs?

The dog is a good swimmer. In addition, he loves water. If you leave your animal near a lake or a river without forbidding it, it will invariably dive. Swimming is as beneficial for the dog as it is for the man. The physical exercises that are developed compensate for the defects that have been acquired over the years. For the dog, this helps to relearn the good movement, as well as muscle in case of muscle loss following an injury or an accident.

Where to practice it and at what cost?

Hydrotherapy is not practiced by your veterinarian. This is in a clinic where a veterinary research laboratory works. You can also find a good hydrotherapy service in a dog center.

In any case, ask your veterinarian for advice. In general, your dog will be entitled to a dozen sessions for the treatment to bear fruit. This can increase depending on your affection and ability to recover.

The session costs between 20 and 30 euros but is not always supported by a mutual specialized dog . Consult your contract beforehand.

Which Kibble Distributor For Cat to Choose?

Kibble Distributor for Cat

Choosing a cat kibble distributor, there are several types of cat kibble dispensers, depending on the configuration of your home, your cat’s habits and functions that you feel are essential. To be used correctly, your dispenser will need to be strategically placed, and preferably fixed to the floor or wall to prevent it from falling on your little cat.

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The Different Models of Kelp Dispensers

Automatic distributer

The automatic cat kibble dispenser is ideal if you are used to being away for a weekend. It dispenses a quantity of kibble defined in advance, at the hours configured in the device. There are vending machines with an analog or digital timer depending on your preferences. These will allow you to predict the timing of meals of your cat in advance, without it lacks food during your absences.

The manual distributor

The manual dispenser is certainly inexpensive and practical for preserving kibble in a closed container, but it is not suitable for obese or overweight cats. It allows the cat to use as it sees fit, without any control.

The 2 in 1 distributor

More expensive but also more practical on a daily basis, the 2-in-1 kibble dispenser not only delivers food, but also water. It allows you to save space and offer your cat fresh and constantly renewed water. Again, a must-have distributor if you go away regularly or your cat drinks a lot.

The compartmentalizer

If your cat is used to eating varied, it is this distributor that will suit him at best. Programmable and automatic, it consists of three to six closed compartments that will allow you to offer different types of croquettes / pâtés to your cat so that it will never get tired!

The toy distributor

The toy dispenser allows you to feed your cat while inviting him to exercise. This is the preferred dispenser if you have an obese cat or who has a tendency to be overweight. This type of dispenser can come in different forms: pipolino, ball, bottle … It is your four-legged friend who, playing with the distributor, will deliver his own kibble. A good way to play it and to make it eat more slowly.

Our Tips for Choosing Your Cat Kibble Distributor

To choose your cat kibble retailer, try to find the right balance between your budget and your needs. Also consider your cat’s profile. If it is very active, a manual dispenser could be enough. Conversely, if your little wild animal has a propensity to overweight, better be offered a vending machine or a toy distributor. Attention, in no case your new vending machine should be used as an excuse to leave your cat more than two days alone. The distributor will not replace your presence or your caresses, and we advise you to keep your cat on vacation, in case of prolonged absence. It can also happen that a distributor breaks down and your cat is hungry during your absence.